Example for fault-zone replacement method

Figure 3 shows the example for fault-zone replacement method, and it has the same layout as Figure 2. Figure 3a shows the original image and it contains three faults (Figure 3b). Because the fault slip of the three faults is not very large, we set the fault zone width to be 17 samples for all the faults. The new image after fault zone replacement with smooth transitions is shown in Figure 3c, and the two sides of the faults have been smoothly bridged. The dip of the new image is shown in Figure 3d, from which we can easily detect the fault zones: three narrow bands. Figure 3e shows the predictive painting result and it contains smoothly varying bands instead of sharp cliffs, which are also implied by the yellow curves in Figure 3f. When the horizon curves cross through the faults, they jump slowly from one side to the other side.