Nonstationarity: patching

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## Signal/noise decomposition examples

Figure 12 demonstrates the signal/noise decomposition concept on synthetic data. The signal and noise have similar frequency spectra but different dip spectra.

signoi
Figure 12.
The input signal is on the left. Next is that signal with noise added. Next, for my favorite value of epsilon=1., is the estimated signal and the estimated noise.

Before I discovered helix preconditioning, Ray Abma found that different results were obtained when the fitting goal was cast in terms of instead of . Theoretically it should not make any difference. Now I believe that with preconditioning, or even without it, if there are enough iterations, the solution should be independent of whether the fitting goal is cast with either or .

Figure 13 shows the result of experimenting with the choice of . As expected, increasing weakens and increases . When is too small, the noise is small and the signal is almost the original data. When is too large, the signal is small and coherent events are pushed into the noise. (Figure 13 rescales both signal and noise images for the clearest display.)

signeps
Figure 13.
Left is an estimated signal-noise pair where epsilon=4 has improved the appearance of the estimated signal but some coherent events have been pushed into the noise. Right is a signal-noise pair where epsilon=.25, has improved the appearance of the estimated noise but the estimated signal looks no better than original data.

Notice that the leveling operators and were both estimated from the original signal and noise mixture shown in Figure 12. Presumably we could do even better if we were to reestimate and from the estimates and in Figure 13.

 Nonstationarity: patching

Next: Spitz for variable covariances Up: SIGNAL-NOISE DECOMPOSITION BY DIP Previous: SIGNAL-NOISE DECOMPOSITION BY DIP

2013-07-26